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Revision 1044 - (download) (annotate)
Wed May 28 16:44:38 2003 UTC (16 years ago) by edgomez
File size: 29030 byte(s)
Dummy, stupid fix to the default 10s keyframe interval
/*****************************************************************************
 *
 *  XVID MPEG-4 VIDEO CODEC
 *  - Encoder main module -
 *
 *  Copyright(C) 2002 Michael Militzer <isibaar@xvid.org>
 *               2002 Peter Ross <pross@xvid.org>
 *               2002 Daniel Smith <danielsmith@astroboymail.com>
 *
 *  This file is part of XviD, a free MPEG-4 video encoder/decoder
 *
 *  XviD is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 *  under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 *
 *  Under section 8 of the GNU General Public License, the copyright
 *  holders of XVID explicitly forbid distribution in the following
 *  countries:
 *
 *    - Japan
 *    - United States of America
 *
 *  Linking XviD statically or dynamically with other modules is making a
 *  combined work based on XviD.  Thus, the terms and conditions of the
 *  GNU General Public License cover the whole combination.
 *
 *  As a special exception, the copyright holders of XviD give you
 *  permission to link XviD with independent modules that communicate with
 *  XviD solely through the VFW1.1 and DShow interfaces, regardless of the
 *  license terms of these independent modules, and to copy and distribute
 *  the resulting combined work under terms of your choice, provided that
 *  every copy of the combined work is accompanied by a complete copy of
 *  the source code of XviD (the version of XviD used to produce the
 *  combined work), being distributed under the terms of the GNU General
 *  Public License plus this exception.  An independent module is a module
 *  which is not derived from or based on XviD.
 *
 *  Note that people who make modified versions of XviD are not obligated
 *  to grant this special exception for their modified versions; it is
 *  their choice whether to do so.  The GNU General Public License gives
 *  permission to release a modified version without this exception; this
 *  exception also makes it possible to release a modified version which
 *  carries forward this exception.
 *
 * $Id: encoder.c,v 1.90.2.2 2003-05-28 16:44:38 edgomez Exp $
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "encoder.h"
#include "prediction/mbprediction.h"
#include "global.h"
#include "utils/timer.h"
#include "image/image.h"
#include "motion/motion.h"
#include "bitstream/cbp.h"
#include "utils/mbfunctions.h"
#include "bitstream/bitstream.h"
#include "bitstream/mbcoding.h"
#include "utils/ratecontrol.h"
#include "utils/emms.h"
#include "bitstream/mbcoding.h"
#include "quant/adapt_quant.h"
#include "quant/quant_matrix.h"
#include "utils/mem_align.h"

/*****************************************************************************
 * Local macros
 ****************************************************************************/

#define ENC_CHECK(X) if(!(X)) return XVID_ERR_FORMAT
#define SWAP(A,B)    { void * tmp = A; A = B; B = tmp; }

/*****************************************************************************
 * Local function prototypes
 ****************************************************************************/

static int FrameCodeI(Encoder * pEnc,
					  Bitstream * bs,
					  uint32_t * pBits);

static int FrameCodeP(Encoder * pEnc,
					  Bitstream * bs,
					  uint32_t * pBits,
					  bool force_inter,
					  bool vol_header);

/*****************************************************************************
 * Local data
 ****************************************************************************/

static int DQtab[4] = {
	-1, -2, 1, 2
};

static int iDQtab[5] = {
	1, 0, NO_CHANGE, 2, 3
};


static void __inline
image_null(IMAGE * image)
{
	image->y = image->u = image->v = NULL;
}


/*****************************************************************************
 * Encoder creation
 *
 * This function creates an Encoder instance, it allocates all necessary
 * image buffers (reference, current) and initialize the internal xvid
 * encoder paremeters according to the XVID_ENC_PARAM input parameter.
 *
 * The code seems to be very long but is very basic, mainly memory allocation
 * and cleaning code.
 *
 * Returned values :
 *    - XVID_ERR_OK     - no errors
 *    - XVID_ERR_MEMORY - the libc could not allocate memory, the function
 *                        cleans the structure before exiting.
 *                        pParam->handle is also set to NULL.
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

int
encoder_create(XVID_ENC_PARAM * pParam)
{
	Encoder *pEnc;
	int i;

	pParam->handle = NULL;

	ENC_CHECK(pParam);

	ENC_CHECK(pParam->width > 0 && pParam->width <= 1920);
	ENC_CHECK(pParam->height > 0 && pParam->height <= 1280);
	ENC_CHECK(!(pParam->width % 2));
	ENC_CHECK(!(pParam->height % 2));

	/* Fps */

	if (pParam->fincr <= 0 || pParam->fbase <= 0) {
		pParam->fincr = 1;
		pParam->fbase = 25;
	}

	/*
	 * Simplify the "fincr/fbase" fraction
	 * (neccessary, since windows supplies us with huge numbers)
	 */

	i = pParam->fincr;
	while (i > 1) {
		if (pParam->fincr % i == 0 && pParam->fbase % i == 0) {
			pParam->fincr /= i;
			pParam->fbase /= i;
			i = pParam->fincr;
			continue;
		}
		i--;
	}

	if (pParam->fbase > 65535) {
		float div = (float) pParam->fbase / 65535;

		pParam->fbase = (int) (pParam->fbase / div);
		pParam->fincr = (int) (pParam->fincr / div);
	}

	/* Bitrate allocator defaults */

	if (pParam->rc_bitrate <= 0)
		pParam->rc_bitrate = 900000;

	if (pParam->rc_reaction_delay_factor <= 0)
		pParam->rc_reaction_delay_factor = 16;

	if (pParam->rc_averaging_period <= 0)
		pParam->rc_averaging_period = 100;

	if (pParam->rc_buffer <= 0)
		pParam->rc_buffer = 100;

	/* Max and min quantizers */

	if ((pParam->min_quantizer <= 0) || (pParam->min_quantizer > 31))
		pParam->min_quantizer = 1;

	if ((pParam->max_quantizer <= 0) || (pParam->max_quantizer > 31))
		pParam->max_quantizer = 31;

	if (pParam->max_quantizer < pParam->min_quantizer)
		pParam->max_quantizer = pParam->min_quantizer;

	/* 1 keyframe each 10 seconds */

	if (pParam->max_key_interval <= 0)
		pParam->max_key_interval = 10 * pParam->fbase / pParam->fincr;

	pEnc = (Encoder *) xvid_malloc(sizeof(Encoder), CACHE_LINE);
	if (pEnc == NULL)
		return XVID_ERR_MEMORY;

	/* Zero the Encoder Structure */

	memset(pEnc, 0, sizeof(Encoder));

	/* Fill members of Encoder structure */

	pEnc->mbParam.width = pParam->width;
	pEnc->mbParam.height = pParam->height;

	pEnc->mbParam.mb_width = (pEnc->mbParam.width + 15) / 16;
	pEnc->mbParam.mb_height = (pEnc->mbParam.height + 15) / 16;

	pEnc->mbParam.edged_width = 16 * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width + 2 * EDGE_SIZE;
	pEnc->mbParam.edged_height = 16 * pEnc->mbParam.mb_height + 2 * EDGE_SIZE;

	pEnc->mbParam.fbase = pParam->fbase;
	pEnc->mbParam.fincr = pParam->fincr;

	pEnc->mbParam.m_quant_type = H263_QUANT;

	pEnc->sStat.fMvPrevSigma = -1;

	/* Fill rate control parameters */

	pEnc->bitrate = pParam->rc_bitrate;

	pEnc->iFrameNum = 0;
	pEnc->iMaxKeyInterval = pParam->max_key_interval;

	/* try to allocate frame memory */

	pEnc->current = xvid_malloc(sizeof(FRAMEINFO), CACHE_LINE);
	pEnc->reference = xvid_malloc(sizeof(FRAMEINFO), CACHE_LINE);

	if (pEnc->current == NULL || pEnc->reference == NULL)
		goto xvid_err_memory1;

	/* try to allocate mb memory */

	pEnc->current->mbs =
		xvid_malloc(sizeof(MACROBLOCK) * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width *
					pEnc->mbParam.mb_height, CACHE_LINE);
	pEnc->reference->mbs =
		xvid_malloc(sizeof(MACROBLOCK) * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width *
					pEnc->mbParam.mb_height, CACHE_LINE);

	if (pEnc->current->mbs == NULL || pEnc->reference->mbs == NULL)
		goto xvid_err_memory2;

	/* try to allocate image memory */

#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	image_null(&pEnc->sOriginal);
#endif
	image_null(&pEnc->current->image);
	image_null(&pEnc->reference->image);
	image_null(&pEnc->vInterH);
	image_null(&pEnc->vInterV);
	image_null(&pEnc->vInterHV);

#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->sOriginal, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;
#endif
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->current->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->reference->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->vInterH, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->vInterV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;
	if (image_create
		(&pEnc->vInterHV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_height) < 0)
		goto xvid_err_memory3;

	pParam->handle = (void *) pEnc;

	if (pParam->rc_bitrate) {
		RateControlInit(&pEnc->rate_control, pParam->rc_bitrate,
						pParam->rc_reaction_delay_factor,
						pParam->rc_averaging_period, pParam->rc_buffer,
						pParam->fbase * 1000 / pParam->fincr,
						pParam->max_quantizer, pParam->min_quantizer);
	}

	init_timer();

	return XVID_ERR_OK;

	/*
	 * We handle all XVID_ERR_MEMORY here, this makes the code lighter
	 */

  xvid_err_memory3:
#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	image_destroy(&pEnc->sOriginal, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
#endif

	image_destroy(&pEnc->current->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->reference->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterH, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterHV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);

  xvid_err_memory2:
	xvid_free(pEnc->current->mbs);
	xvid_free(pEnc->reference->mbs);

  xvid_err_memory1:
	xvid_free(pEnc->current);
	xvid_free(pEnc->reference);
	xvid_free(pEnc);

	pParam->handle = NULL;

	return XVID_ERR_MEMORY;
}

/*****************************************************************************
 * Encoder destruction
 *
 * This function destroy the entire encoder structure created by a previous
 * successful encoder_create call.
 *
 * Returned values (for now only one returned value) :
 *    - XVID_ERR_OK     - no errors
 *
 ****************************************************************************/

int
encoder_destroy(Encoder * pEnc)
{
	
	ENC_CHECK(pEnc);

	/* All images, reference, current etc ... */
	image_destroy(&pEnc->current->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->reference->image, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterH, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
	image_destroy(&pEnc->vInterHV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);

#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	image_destroy(&pEnc->sOriginal, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
				  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height);
#endif

	/* Encoder structure */
	xvid_free(pEnc->current->mbs);
	xvid_free(pEnc->current);

	xvid_free(pEnc->reference->mbs);
	xvid_free(pEnc->reference);

	xvid_free(pEnc);

	return XVID_ERR_OK;
}


void inc_frame_num(Encoder * pEnc)
{
	pEnc->mbParam.m_ticks += pEnc->mbParam.fincr;
	pEnc->mbParam.m_seconds = pEnc->mbParam.m_ticks / pEnc->mbParam.fbase;
	pEnc->mbParam.m_ticks = pEnc->mbParam.m_ticks % pEnc->mbParam.fbase;
}

/*****************************************************************************
 * "original" IP frame encoder entry point
 *
 * Returned values :
 *    - XVID_ERR_OK     - no errors
 *    - XVID_ERR_FORMAT - the image subsystem reported the image had a wrong
 *                        format
 ****************************************************************************/

int
encoder_encode(Encoder * pEnc,
			   XVID_ENC_FRAME * pFrame,
			   XVID_ENC_STATS * pResult)
{
	uint16_t x, y;
	Bitstream bs;
	uint32_t bits;
	uint16_t write_vol_header = 0;

#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	float psnr;
	uint8_t temp[128];
#endif

	start_global_timer();

	ENC_CHECK(pEnc);
	ENC_CHECK(pFrame);
	ENC_CHECK(pFrame->bitstream);
	ENC_CHECK(pFrame->image);

	SWAP(pEnc->current, pEnc->reference);

	pEnc->current->global_flags = pFrame->general;
	pEnc->current->motion_flags = pFrame->motion;
	pEnc->current->seconds = pEnc->mbParam.m_seconds;
	pEnc->current->ticks = pEnc->mbParam.m_ticks;
	pEnc->mbParam.hint = &pFrame->hint;

	start_timer();
	if (image_input
		(&pEnc->current->image, pEnc->mbParam.width, pEnc->mbParam.height,
		 pEnc->mbParam.edged_width, pFrame->image, pFrame->colorspace) < 0)
		return XVID_ERR_FORMAT;
	stop_conv_timer();

#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	image_copy(&pEnc->sOriginal, &pEnc->current->image,
			   pEnc->mbParam.edged_width, pEnc->mbParam.height);
#endif

	emms();

	BitstreamInit(&bs, pFrame->bitstream, 0);

	if (pFrame->quant == 0) {
		pEnc->current->quant = RateControlGetQ(&pEnc->rate_control, 0);
	} else {
		pEnc->current->quant = pFrame->quant;
	}

	if ((pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_LUMIMASKING)) {
		int *temp_dquants =
			(int *) xvid_malloc(pEnc->mbParam.mb_width *
								pEnc->mbParam.mb_height * sizeof(int),
								CACHE_LINE);

		pEnc->current->quant =
			adaptive_quantization(pEnc->current->image.y,
								  pEnc->mbParam.edged_width, temp_dquants,
								  pEnc->current->quant, pEnc->current->quant,
								  2 * pEnc->current->quant,
								  pEnc->mbParam.mb_width,
								  pEnc->mbParam.mb_height);

		for (y = 0; y < pEnc->mbParam.mb_height; y++) {

#define OFFSET(x,y) ((x) + (y)*pEnc->mbParam.mb_width)

			for (x = 0; x < pEnc->mbParam.mb_width; x++) {


				MACROBLOCK *pMB = &pEnc->current->mbs[OFFSET(x, y)];

				pMB->dquant = iDQtab[temp_dquants[OFFSET(x, y)] + 2];
			}

#undef OFFSET
		}

		xvid_free(temp_dquants);
	}

	if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_H263QUANT) {
		if (pEnc->mbParam.m_quant_type != H263_QUANT)
			write_vol_header = 1;
		pEnc->mbParam.m_quant_type = H263_QUANT;
	} else if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_MPEGQUANT) {
		int matrix1_changed, matrix2_changed;

		matrix1_changed = matrix2_changed = 0;

		if (pEnc->mbParam.m_quant_type != MPEG4_QUANT)
			write_vol_header = 1;

		pEnc->mbParam.m_quant_type = MPEG4_QUANT;

		if ((pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_CUSTOM_QMATRIX) > 0) {
			if (pFrame->quant_intra_matrix != NULL)
				matrix1_changed = set_intra_matrix(pFrame->quant_intra_matrix);
			if (pFrame->quant_inter_matrix != NULL)
				matrix2_changed = set_inter_matrix(pFrame->quant_inter_matrix);
		} else {
			matrix1_changed = set_intra_matrix(get_default_intra_matrix());
			matrix2_changed = set_inter_matrix(get_default_inter_matrix());
		}
		if (write_vol_header == 0)
			write_vol_header = matrix1_changed | matrix2_changed;
	}

	if (pFrame->intra < 0) {
		if ((pEnc->iFrameNum == 0)
			|| ((pEnc->iMaxKeyInterval > 0)
				&& (pEnc->iFrameNum >= pEnc->iMaxKeyInterval))) {
			pFrame->intra = FrameCodeI(pEnc, &bs, &bits);
		} else {
			pFrame->intra = FrameCodeP(pEnc, &bs, &bits, 0, write_vol_header);
		}
	} else {
		if (pFrame->intra == 1) {
			pFrame->intra = FrameCodeI(pEnc, &bs, &bits);
		} else {
			pFrame->intra = FrameCodeP(pEnc, &bs, &bits, 1, write_vol_header);
		}

	}

	/* Fix from CVS_HEAD (2003-03-17)
	 *
	 * Relic from OpenDivX - now disabled
	 *
	 * BitstreamPutBits(&bs, 0xFFFF, 16);
	 * BitstreamPutBits(&bs, 0xFFFF, 16);
	 */
	BitstreamPad(&bs);
	pFrame->length = BitstreamLength(&bs);

	if (pResult) {
		pResult->quant = pEnc->current->quant;
		pResult->hlength = pFrame->length - (pEnc->sStat.iTextBits / 8);
		pResult->kblks = pEnc->sStat.kblks;
		pResult->mblks = pEnc->sStat.mblks;
		pResult->ublks = pEnc->sStat.ublks;
	}

	emms();

	if (pFrame->quant == 0) {
		RateControlUpdate(&pEnc->rate_control, (int16_t)pEnc->current->quant,
						  pFrame->length, pFrame->intra);
	}
#ifdef _DEBUG_PSNR
	psnr =
		image_psnr(&pEnc->sOriginal, &pEnc->current->image,
				   pEnc->mbParam.edged_width, pEnc->mbParam.width,
				   pEnc->mbParam.height);

	snprintf(temp, 127, "PSNR: %f\n", psnr);
	DEBUG(temp);
#endif

	inc_frame_num(pEnc);
	pEnc->iFrameNum++;

	stop_global_timer();
	write_timer();

	return XVID_ERR_OK;
}


static __inline void
CodeIntraMB(Encoder * pEnc,
			MACROBLOCK * pMB)
{

	pMB->mode = MODE_INTRA;

	/* zero mv statistics */
	pMB->mvs[0].x = pMB->mvs[1].x = pMB->mvs[2].x = pMB->mvs[3].x = 0;
	pMB->mvs[0].y = pMB->mvs[1].y = pMB->mvs[2].y = pMB->mvs[3].y = 0;
	pMB->sad8[0] = pMB->sad8[1] = pMB->sad8[2] = pMB->sad8[3] = 0;
	pMB->sad16 = 0;

	if ((pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_LUMIMASKING)) {
		if (pMB->dquant != NO_CHANGE) {
			pMB->mode = MODE_INTRA_Q;
			pEnc->current->quant += DQtab[pMB->dquant];

			if (pEnc->current->quant > 31)
				pEnc->current->quant = 31;
			if (pEnc->current->quant < 1)
				pEnc->current->quant = 1;
		}
	}

	pMB->quant = pEnc->current->quant;
}


#define FCODEBITS	3
#define MODEBITS	5

void
HintedMESet(Encoder * pEnc,
			int *intra)
{
	HINTINFO *hint;
	Bitstream bs;
	int length, high;
	uint32_t x, y;

	hint = pEnc->mbParam.hint;

	if (hint->rawhints) {
		*intra = hint->mvhint.intra;
	} else {
		BitstreamInit(&bs, hint->hintstream, hint->hintlength);
		*intra = BitstreamGetBit(&bs);
	}

	if (*intra) {
		return;
	}

	pEnc->current->fcode = (hint->rawhints != 0) ?
		(uint32_t)hint->mvhint.fcode : BitstreamGetBits(&bs, FCODEBITS);

	length = pEnc->current->fcode + 5;
	high = 1 << (length - 1);

	for (y = 0; y < pEnc->mbParam.mb_height; ++y) {
		for (x = 0; x < pEnc->mbParam.mb_width; ++x) {
			MACROBLOCK *pMB =
				&pEnc->current->mbs[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];
			MVBLOCKHINT *bhint =
				&hint->mvhint.block[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];
			VECTOR pred;
			VECTOR tmp;
			int vec;

			pMB->mode = (hint->rawhints != 0) ?
				(uint32_t)bhint->mode : BitstreamGetBits(&bs, MODEBITS);

			pMB->mode = (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER_Q) ? MODE_INTER : pMB->mode;
			pMB->mode = (pMB->mode == MODE_INTRA_Q) ? MODE_INTRA : pMB->mode;

			if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER) {
				tmp.x = (hint->rawhints) ?
					bhint->mvs[0].x : (int)BitstreamGetBits(&bs, length);
				tmp.y =	(hint->rawhints) ?
					bhint->mvs[0].y : (int)BitstreamGetBits(&bs, length);
				tmp.x -= (tmp.x >= high) ? high * 2 : 0;
				tmp.y -= (tmp.y >= high) ? high * 2 : 0;

				pred = get_pmv2(pEnc->current->mbs,pEnc->mbParam.mb_width,0,x,y,0);

				for (vec = 0; vec < 4; ++vec) {
					pMB->mvs[vec].x = tmp.x;
					pMB->mvs[vec].y = tmp.y;
					pMB->pmvs[vec].x = pMB->mvs[0].x - pred.x;
					pMB->pmvs[vec].y = pMB->mvs[0].y - pred.y;
				}
			} else if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER4V) {
				for (vec = 0; vec < 4; ++vec) {
					tmp.x = (hint->rawhints) ?
						bhint->mvs[vec].x : (int)BitstreamGetBits(&bs, length);
					tmp.y = (hint->rawhints) ?
						bhint->mvs[vec].y : (int)BitstreamGetBits(&bs, length);
					tmp.x -= (tmp.x >= high) ? high * 2 : 0;
					tmp.y -= (tmp.y >= high) ? high * 2 : 0;

					pred = get_pmv2(pEnc->current->mbs,pEnc->mbParam.mb_width,0,x,y,vec);

					pMB->mvs[vec].x = tmp.x;
					pMB->mvs[vec].y = tmp.y;
					pMB->pmvs[vec].x = pMB->mvs[vec].x - pred.x;
					pMB->pmvs[vec].y = pMB->mvs[vec].y - pred.y;
				}
			} else				/* intra / stuffing / not_coded */
			{
				for (vec = 0; vec < 4; ++vec) {
					pMB->mvs[vec].x = pMB->mvs[vec].y = 0;
				}
			}

			if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER4V &&
				(pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_LUMIMASKING)
				&& pMB->dquant != NO_CHANGE) {
				pMB->mode = MODE_INTRA;

				for (vec = 0; vec < 4; ++vec) {
					pMB->mvs[vec].x = pMB->mvs[vec].y = 0;
				}
			}
		}
	}
}


void
HintedMEGet(Encoder * pEnc,
			int intra)
{
	HINTINFO *hint;
	Bitstream bs;
	uint32_t x, y;
	int length, high;

	hint = pEnc->mbParam.hint;

	if (hint->rawhints) {
		hint->mvhint.intra = intra;
	} else {
		BitstreamInit(&bs, hint->hintstream, 0);
		BitstreamPutBit(&bs, intra);
	}

	if (intra) {
		if (!hint->rawhints) {
			BitstreamPad(&bs);
			hint->hintlength = BitstreamLength(&bs);
		}
		return;
	}

	length = pEnc->current->fcode + 5;
	high = 1 << (length - 1);

	if (hint->rawhints) {
		hint->mvhint.fcode = pEnc->current->fcode;
	} else {
		BitstreamPutBits(&bs, pEnc->current->fcode, FCODEBITS);
	}

	for (y = 0; y < pEnc->mbParam.mb_height; ++y) {
		for (x = 0; x < pEnc->mbParam.mb_width; ++x) {
			MACROBLOCK *pMB =
				&pEnc->current->mbs[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];
			MVBLOCKHINT *bhint =
				&hint->mvhint.block[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];
			VECTOR tmp;

			if (hint->rawhints) {
				bhint->mode = pMB->mode;
			} else {
				BitstreamPutBits(&bs, pMB->mode, MODEBITS);
			}

			if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER || pMB->mode == MODE_INTER_Q) {
				tmp.x = pMB->mvs[0].x;
				tmp.y = pMB->mvs[0].y;
				tmp.x += (tmp.x < 0) ? high * 2 : 0;
				tmp.y += (tmp.y < 0) ? high * 2 : 0;

				if (hint->rawhints) {
					bhint->mvs[0].x = tmp.x;
					bhint->mvs[0].y = tmp.y;
				} else {
					BitstreamPutBits(&bs, tmp.x, length);
					BitstreamPutBits(&bs, tmp.y, length);
				}
			} else if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTER4V) {
				int vec;

				for (vec = 0; vec < 4; ++vec) {
					tmp.x = pMB->mvs[vec].x;
					tmp.y = pMB->mvs[vec].y;
					tmp.x += (tmp.x < 0) ? high * 2 : 0;
					tmp.y += (tmp.y < 0) ? high * 2 : 0;

					if (hint->rawhints) {
						bhint->mvs[vec].x = tmp.x;
						bhint->mvs[vec].y = tmp.y;
					} else {
						BitstreamPutBits(&bs, tmp.x, length);
						BitstreamPutBits(&bs, tmp.y, length);
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	if (!hint->rawhints) {
		BitstreamPad(&bs);
		hint->hintlength = BitstreamLength(&bs);
	}
}


static int
FrameCodeI(Encoder * pEnc,
		   Bitstream * bs,
		   uint32_t * pBits)
{

	DECLARE_ALIGNED_MATRIX(dct_codes, 6, 64, int16_t, CACHE_LINE);
	DECLARE_ALIGNED_MATRIX(qcoeff, 6, 64, int16_t, CACHE_LINE);

	uint16_t x, y;

	pEnc->iFrameNum = 0;
	pEnc->mbParam.m_rounding_type = 1;
	pEnc->current->rounding_type = pEnc->mbParam.m_rounding_type;
	pEnc->current->coding_type = I_VOP;

	BitstreamWriteVolHeader(bs, &pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current);

	BitstreamWriteVopHeader(bs, &pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, 1);

	*pBits = BitstreamPos(bs);

	pEnc->sStat.iTextBits = 0;
	pEnc->sStat.kblks = pEnc->mbParam.mb_width * pEnc->mbParam.mb_height;
	pEnc->sStat.mblks = pEnc->sStat.ublks = 0;

	for (y = 0; y < pEnc->mbParam.mb_height; y++)
		for (x = 0; x < pEnc->mbParam.mb_width; x++) {
			MACROBLOCK *pMB =
				&pEnc->current->mbs[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];

			CodeIntraMB(pEnc, pMB);

			MBTransQuantIntra(&pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, pMB, x, y,
							  dct_codes, qcoeff);

			start_timer();
			MBPrediction(pEnc->current, x, y, pEnc->mbParam.mb_width, qcoeff);
			stop_prediction_timer();

			start_timer();
			if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_GREYSCALE)
			{	pMB->cbp &= 0x3C;		/* keep only bits 5-2 */
				qcoeff[4*64+0]=0;		/* zero, because for INTRA MBs DC value is saved */
				qcoeff[5*64+0]=0;
			}
			MBCoding(pEnc->current, pMB, qcoeff, bs, &pEnc->sStat);
			stop_coding_timer();
		}

	emms();

	*pBits = BitstreamPos(bs) - *pBits;
	pEnc->sStat.fMvPrevSigma = -1;
	pEnc->sStat.iMvSum = 0;
	pEnc->sStat.iMvCount = 0;
	pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode = 2;

	if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_HINTEDME_GET) {
		HintedMEGet(pEnc, 1);
	}

	return 1;					/* intra */
}


#define INTRA_THRESHOLD 0.5

static int
FrameCodeP(Encoder * pEnc,
		   Bitstream * bs,
		   uint32_t * pBits,
		   bool force_inter,
		   bool vol_header)
{
	float fSigma;

	DECLARE_ALIGNED_MATRIX(dct_codes, 6, 64, int16_t, CACHE_LINE);
	DECLARE_ALIGNED_MATRIX(qcoeff, 6, 64, int16_t, CACHE_LINE);

	int iLimit;
	unsigned int x, y;
	int iSearchRange;
	int bIntra;
	
	/* IMAGE *pCurrent = &pEnc->current->image; */
	IMAGE *pRef = &pEnc->reference->image;

	start_timer();
	image_setedges(pRef, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width, pEnc->mbParam.edged_height,
				   pEnc->mbParam.width, pEnc->mbParam.height);
	stop_edges_timer();

	pEnc->mbParam.m_rounding_type = 1 - pEnc->mbParam.m_rounding_type;
	pEnc->current->rounding_type = pEnc->mbParam.m_rounding_type;
	pEnc->current->fcode = pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode;

	if (!force_inter)
		iLimit =
			(int) (pEnc->mbParam.mb_width * pEnc->mbParam.mb_height *
				   INTRA_THRESHOLD);
	else
		iLimit = pEnc->mbParam.mb_width * pEnc->mbParam.mb_height + 1;

	if ((pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_HALFPEL)) {
		start_timer();
		image_interpolate(pRef, &pEnc->vInterH, &pEnc->vInterV,
						  &pEnc->vInterHV, pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
						  pEnc->mbParam.edged_height,
						  pEnc->current->rounding_type);
		stop_inter_timer();
	}

	start_timer();
	if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_HINTEDME_SET) {
		HintedMESet(pEnc, &bIntra);
	} else {

		bIntra =
			MotionEstimation(&pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, pEnc->reference,
                         &pEnc->vInterH, &pEnc->vInterV, &pEnc->vInterHV,
                         iLimit);
			
	}
	stop_motion_timer();

	if (bIntra == 1) {
		return FrameCodeI(pEnc, bs, pBits);
	}

	pEnc->current->coding_type = P_VOP;

	if (vol_header)
		BitstreamWriteVolHeader(bs, &pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current);

	BitstreamWriteVopHeader(bs, &pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, 1);

	*pBits = BitstreamPos(bs);

	pEnc->sStat.iTextBits = 0;
	pEnc->sStat.iMvSum = 0;
	pEnc->sStat.iMvCount = 0;
	pEnc->sStat.kblks = pEnc->sStat.mblks = pEnc->sStat.ublks = 0;

	for (y = 0; y < pEnc->mbParam.mb_height; y++) {
		for (x = 0; x < pEnc->mbParam.mb_width; x++) {
			MACROBLOCK *pMB =
				&pEnc->current->mbs[x + y * pEnc->mbParam.mb_width];

			bIntra = (pMB->mode == MODE_INTRA) || (pMB->mode == MODE_INTRA_Q);

			if (!bIntra) {
				start_timer();
				MBMotionCompensation(pMB, x, y, &pEnc->reference->image,
									 &pEnc->vInterH, &pEnc->vInterV,
									 &pEnc->vInterHV, &pEnc->current->image,
									 dct_codes, pEnc->mbParam.width,
									 pEnc->mbParam.height,
									 pEnc->mbParam.edged_width,
									 pEnc->current->rounding_type);
				stop_comp_timer();

				if ((pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_LUMIMASKING)) {
					if (pMB->dquant != NO_CHANGE) {
						pMB->mode = MODE_INTER_Q;
						pEnc->current->quant += DQtab[pMB->dquant];
						if (pEnc->current->quant > 31)
							pEnc->current->quant = 31;
						else if (pEnc->current->quant < 1)
							pEnc->current->quant = 1;
					}
				}
				pMB->quant = pEnc->current->quant;

				pMB->field_pred = 0;

				pMB->cbp =
					MBTransQuantInter(&pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, pMB, x, y,
									  dct_codes, qcoeff);
			} else {
				CodeIntraMB(pEnc, pMB);
				MBTransQuantIntra(&pEnc->mbParam, pEnc->current, pMB, x, y,
								  dct_codes, qcoeff);

				start_timer();
				MBPrediction(pEnc->current, x, y, pEnc->mbParam.mb_width, qcoeff);
				stop_prediction_timer();
			}

			if (pMB->mode == MODE_INTRA || pMB->mode == MODE_INTRA_Q) {
				pEnc->sStat.kblks++;
			} else if (pMB->cbp || pMB->mvs[0].x || pMB->mvs[0].y ||
					   pMB->mvs[1].x || pMB->mvs[1].y || pMB->mvs[2].x ||
					   pMB->mvs[2].y || pMB->mvs[3].x || pMB->mvs[3].y) {
				pEnc->sStat.mblks++;
			}  else {
				pEnc->sStat.ublks++;
			} 

			start_timer();

			/* Finished processing the MB, now check if to CODE or SKIP */

			if (pMB->cbp == 0 && pMB->mode == MODE_INTER && pMB->mvs[0].x == 0 &&
				pMB->mvs[0].y == 0) {

					MBSkip(bs);	/* without B-frames, no precautions are needed */

			}
			else {
				if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_GREYSCALE) {
					pMB->cbp &= 0x3C;		/* keep only bits 5-2 */
					qcoeff[4*64+0]=0;		/* zero, because DC for INTRA MBs DC value is saved */
					qcoeff[5*64+0]=0;
				}
				MBCoding(pEnc->current, pMB, qcoeff, bs, &pEnc->sStat);
			}

			stop_coding_timer();
		}
	}

	emms();

	if (pEnc->current->global_flags & XVID_HINTEDME_GET) {
		HintedMEGet(pEnc, 0);
	}

	if (pEnc->sStat.iMvCount == 0)
		pEnc->sStat.iMvCount = 1;

	fSigma = (float) sqrt((float) pEnc->sStat.iMvSum / pEnc->sStat.iMvCount);

	iSearchRange = 1 << (3 + pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode);

	if ((fSigma > iSearchRange / 3)
		&& (pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode <= 3))	/* maximum search range 128 */
	{
		pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode++;
		iSearchRange *= 2;
	} else if ((fSigma < iSearchRange / 6)
			   && (pEnc->sStat.fMvPrevSigma >= 0)
			   && (pEnc->sStat.fMvPrevSigma < iSearchRange / 6)
			   && (pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode >= 2))	/* minimum search range 16 */
	{
		pEnc->mbParam.m_fcode--;
		iSearchRange /= 2;
	}

	pEnc->sStat.fMvPrevSigma = fSigma;

	*pBits = BitstreamPos(bs) - *pBits;

	return 0;					/* inter */

}

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